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Traditional Simplified

ma

is a grammar particle used to form questions.

Asking yes/no questions

statement +

To ask a yes-no question, simply put at the end of a statement. For example, take the following statement:  喜歡 咖啡 which means "You like to drink coffee." Now, add to the end of it:  喜歡 咖啡 which means "Do you like to drink coffee?" Note that when turning the statement into a question, the only difference is . There are no other changes to the words or their order.

世界
Zhè ge shìjiè yǒu guǐ ma?
Do ghosts exist?
普通話 發音 容易
Pǔtōnghuà fāyīn róngyì ma?
Is Mandarin pronunciation easy?
洗澡
Nǐ xǐzǎo le ma ?
Have you taken shower?
離開
Nǐ huì líkāi wǒ ma?
Are you going to leave me?

Tag questions

statement + tag + 

A tag question is used when you want confirmation of something you said. You simply add question tags after statements that you aren't sure about. Some common question tags are:  , , , and .

Nǐ bù chī yú, duì ma?
You don't eat fish, right?
明天
Wǒ míngtiān qù zhǎo nǐ, hǎo ma?
I'll meet up with you tomorrow, ok?
我們 義大利 餐廳
Wǒmen qù yìdàlì cāntīng, xíng ma?
Let's go to an Italian restaurant, ok?
Nǐ pàng le, shì ma?
You've gotten fat, haven't you?