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has three functions: to serve as a complementing particle, to mean have to or must, or to mean to obtain or to get.

得 (de) to introduce result complements

A complement is a structure following a verb/adjective that provides additional information of them. 得(de) is usually used to introduce complements that describe the result of their preceding verb.
The examples below show how 得 (de) as a complementing particle connects a verb with its result complement:

wǒ yī ge rén néng chī de wán wǔ wǎn fàn 。
I can finish five bowls of rice alone.

吃 (chī) refers to the process of eating, which does not include an end-point of this process; the complement 完 (wán) indicates the result ‘finishing up the food’ of the action 吃 (chī).

鄰居 吵架
wǒ tīng de jiàn wǒ línjū zài chǎojià 。
I can hear my neighbors quarreling.

聽 (tīng) refers to the process of listening/hearing, which does not include the meaning 'successfully hearing something'; the complement 見 (jiàn) denotes the result ‘perceiving something’ from the action 聽 (tīng).

女性 可以 十分 強壯
tā shuō de duì , nǚxìng yě kěyǐ shífēn qiángzhuàng !
He is right, women could also be very strong!

對 (duì) here is an adjectival complement used to describe that the result, which is the speech statement from the action 說 (shuō), is correct.

這麼
zhèmó nán de shū , nǐ dōu kàn de dǒng !
You can even understand such a difficult book!

懂 (dǒng) here is a complement used to describe the result ‘understanding something’ from the action 看 (kàn).

得 (děi) as an auxiliary verb

Note that can also be prononunced as děi. 得 (děi) is an auxiliary verb which means must or have to. In the following, is an auxiliary verb:

我們 努力 工作 大錢
wǒmen děi nǔlì gōngzuò , cái néng zhuàn dàqián 。
We must work hard in order to earn a lot of money.
男孩 喜歡
nǐ děi duō xiào , cái huì yǒu nánhái xǐhuān nǐ a
You have to smile more so you can attract more guys.
我的 媽媽 尊重
tā shì wǒ de māma wǒ děi zūnzhòng tā 。
She is my mother, I have to respect her.

得 (dé) as to obtain or to get

When is pronounced as , it means to obtain or to get.

冠軍
wǒ dé le guānjūn 。
I got the championship.
絕症
wǒ dé le juézhèng 。
I got a terminal illness.
就算 世界 又如何
jiùsuàn wǒ dé le quán shìjiè , yòurúhé ?
Even if I got the whole world, so what?
我們 聲譽
wǒmen dé dào le hěn hǎo de shēngyù 。
We have obtained a good reputation.

Let's practice! Which is which?

練習
nǐ děi duō liànxí , cái néng tiào de gāo 。
You must practise a lot in order to jump high.